Originally Posted by Chuck
"newburyport turnpike"....(route 1 between topsfield and NBPT.)
I did some research on those turnpikes and they both were toll roads in their earlier years:
In the late 18th and early 19th century in Massachuseets, turnpikes, as opposed to ordinary roads of the same time, are roads where gates barred travelers from continuing and at which payments were demanded for the use of the road. The privilege of building and operating turnpikes was conferred by the state legislature to "turnpike corporations". Turnpikes were constructed using private capital, were privately owned, and were operated for revenue from toll collection.
The Newburyport Turnpike was a toll road in the 1800's. The toll was removed in 1853.
There was a reference to the Plum Island Turnpike as a toll road but I couldn't find further information on when the toll was lifted.