RV News RVBusiness 2021 Top 10 RVs of the Year, plus 56 additional debuts and must-see units → ×
 


Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
 
Old 01-21-2003, 10:23 PM   #1
1 Rivet Member
 
Join Date: Dec 2002
Posts: 10
vacuum brakes 1977 landyacht

I have a 1977 31' landyacht , very good original condition, and am now going to get it back on the road. The Brakes are vacuum which I understand can be very good and I would like to keep them. When I first moved it to storage I tried hooking them up using vacuum from tow rigs brake assist. I seemed to have good vacuum to the trailer and the brake controler seemed wired corectly. All that happened was release of air from the cotroler on the trailer and no brake action. It has been in storage in AZ for at least 10 years. I guess I am hoping there are bad seals or bleading problems. I am going to work on it in a couple of weeks. Anyone have any Ideas or know of availability of parts? Any advise would be greatly apeciated. I am really looking forward to restoring this dream.

Tim
acme is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-22-2003, 08:32 PM   #2
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
Tim,
I have the same brake system on my '77 Excella 500. I will pull my service manual out tomorrow evening and see if we can troubleshoot your system.
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-25-2003, 09:38 PM   #3
1 Rivet Member
 
Join Date: Dec 2002
Posts: 10
Craig

Thank you any help I can get. I will be in transit the next couple of weeks. On my way to the trailer in Scottsdale comming from the cold of Minnesota. Very much looking forward to the Sun and the fun of seeing the Airstream after 1.5 years. Time flys.
Thanks Tim
acme is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-25-2003, 11:08 PM   #4
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
Tim,
Vacuum to the power booster on the front behind the propane tanks usually comes off the manifold of the gas engine or tee'd into the brake booster. If the tow vehicle is a diesel then another source of vacuum must be provided. I am guessing that it is a gas engine in this case. What kind of hose did you run to the rear of the tow vehicle? I found that air compressor hose would collapse so I used 3/8 airbrake hose. What kind of female vacuum supply hose coupling did you use, 1/2" industrial or 3/8"? I used the 1/2" industrial but had to order it from Gordon Air Compressor Co. out of Memphis, TN. because I couldn't find it anywhere around here.

OK, you should have a constant flow of air (vacuum) at the rear bumper of the tow vehicle. Once connected to the trailer vacuum supply hose, it will provide vacuum through the power brake actuator. If you step on the brake, an electrical signal is sent from the brake controller to the synchronizing valve which opens an inlet port and closes the vacuum inlet port. Atmospheric pressure pushes on the diaphragm in the power brake booster and hydraulic pressure is applied in the trailer brake lines closing the brake caliphers. Are you sure that the brake controller is wired correctly and matches the trailer connector?

Here are some ideas from my manual:

PROBABLE CAUSE: REMEDY

Hydraulic fluid leakage or low fluid level in trailer brake actuator: Repair leak in system, refill, fluid level in trailer brake actuator bleed system. Check power booster stroke.

No vacuum in trailer brake actuator: Connect supply hose. Inspect supply vac. check valve on tow vehicle for proper orientation of flow.

Inoperative brake controller: Check and correct wiring. Check vehicle stop light switch.

Inoperative synchronizing valve: Check wiring. Clean filter. Check and replace valve if necessary.

Inoperative trailer power brake booster: Check booster and replace if necessary.

Brake-away check valve installed backwards: Check flow of air so that check valve is oriented correctly.
------------------------------------------------------------
Andy at Inland RV in CA. has parts for your brake system. He was instrumental in getting me setup for my trip to AZ. to pick up my trailer. Having a Service manual helped me understand the system and I don't know what I would have done without it. If you tell me what kind of vehicle you are towing with and what kind of controller we could start from there. If you need schematic drawings, I could xerox them and mail them to you if you want.
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-26-2003, 06:21 PM   #5
1 Rivet Member
 
Join Date: Dec 2002
Posts: 10
I am thinking it is a hyrolic problem. But what do I know. The truck is a 1975 chev 350 v8 three quarter ton. I will try to check my e mail on the way if not thanks again and I will be in touch in a couple of weeks.
Tim
acme is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-26-2003, 10:04 PM   #6
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
vacuum hose system

Tim,
This is how I set up my vacuum source off the manifold of my '01 8.1 litre engine.
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	mvc-443f.jpg
Views:	613
Size:	90.0 KB
ID:	1372  
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-26-2003, 10:16 PM   #7
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
Check valve in line: vacuum flow is right to left into manifold.
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	mvc-442f.jpg
Views:	591
Size:	86.3 KB
ID:	1373  
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-26-2003, 10:19 PM   #8
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
Down to frame rail. By the way, 3/8 airbrake hose is covered by plastic wire loom to prevent chafing.
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	mvc-444f.jpg
Views:	604
Size:	81.8 KB
ID:	1374  
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-26-2003, 10:24 PM   #9
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
At the rear bumper I fabricated a bracket made of tin and used a 3/8" hose barb screwed into the 1/2" female coupling. The 1/2" male plug was then capped with a brass cap and then dipped into that liquid rubber stuff you use for plier handles. The plug keeps the female connector clean when not towing.
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	mvc-445f.jpg
Views:	587
Size:	77.6 KB
ID:	1375  
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-26-2003, 10:27 PM   #10
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
Plug pulled out and ready for insertion of male unit from trailer.
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	mvc-446f.jpg
Views:	566
Size:	57.8 KB
ID:	1376  
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-26-2003, 10:29 PM   #11
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
Brake controller under dash.
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	mvc-447f.jpg
Views:	567
Size:	55.3 KB
ID:	1377  
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-26-2003, 10:32 PM   #12
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
Two 15 or 20 amp circuit breakers on two of the elec. wires. I'd have to see which circuits were wired according to directions but it should be universal for all controllers.
Attached Thumbnails
Click image for larger version

Name:	mvc-448f.jpg
Views:	543
Size:	73.0 KB
ID:	1378  
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-27-2003, 10:13 AM   #13
Rivet Master
Airstream Dealer
 
Inland RV Center, In's Avatar
 
Corona , California
Join Date: Feb 2002
Posts: 16,497
Images: 1
Circuit breakers

Circuit breakers should "NEVER" be used in a trailer electric brake line.

The "oval" magnets used today, draw 3.5 amperes each at 13 volts DC. Therefore a maximum draw for a tandem axle trailer is 14 amps.

The theory of "NO" circuit breaker, is that should a partial short occur, such as with a badly worn magnet, some braking power will still exist.

If you use a circuit breaker, or a fuse, in the brake line, it will open, which will eliminate "ANY" possibilty of brakes.

Stopping a 5000 to 6000 pound or more trailer, requires brakes.

Without brakes, you will need to carry several bibles, rabbit feet, and extra toilet paper.

Don't take the risk.

Safety should never be compromised, "EVER."


Andy
inlandrv.com
airstreamparts.com
airstreamcandy.com
__________________
Andy Rogozinski
Inland RV Center
Corona, CA
Inland RV Center, In is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-28-2003, 10:24 AM   #14
1 Rivet Member
 
Join Date: Dec 2002
Posts: 10
Craig

Thanks for the great photos. I Have the same fittings I believe. Purchased from Oasis RV in Tucson. I am anxious to see it again!!!!

Tim
acme is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-28-2003, 11:13 AM   #15
Rivet Master
 
Join Date: Oct 2002
Posts: 917
Craig,

That was an awesome class on the Vacuum boost trailer brakes! Overall, how do they compare to the "standard" electric brakes?

Not that I'm going to change, just interested in braking differences.

Tks-John
John is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-28-2003, 01:19 PM   #16
Rivet Master
 
Join Date: Oct 2002
Posts: 917
Andy -question

My trailer brake line is tied into a 30A fuse. I realize that if this fuse blew/opened, I'd be without trailer brakes.

My question: If I had a surge that would blow/open the 30A fuse, wouldn't that same surge in higher enough also to damage the brake controller, making it inoperatable?

I think I'd rather replace a blown 30A fuse, which I carry extra's of, than to burn out the controller, which means I won't have any trailer brake controls until I replaced the controller.

Please correct me if my thinking is wrong.

John
John is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-28-2003, 02:08 PM   #17
Moderator dude
 
Action's Avatar

 
1966 26' Overlander
Phoenix , Arizona
Join Date: Apr 2002
Posts: 6,755
Images: 13
Loose wires cause fires

With out circuit protection (breaker/fuse) what would happen to that circuit should it ground out as by means the insulation chafing or if the wire got pinched. I would think a fire could result given the size of the wire in the photo.

With a resettable breaker at least the circuit has some protection and can be reset once the issue has been resolved. If the brake magnets have worn out* and trip the breaker at least there is some brake action from the tow vehicle. Certainally not enough. However, if there was a fire or even an extremely over heated brake circiut wire that melted insulation and other circuits, one may not have brakes anyway.

Just a Q.

*Checking the running gear at least once a year would seem to be prudent)

>>>>>>>>>>>>>Action
__________________
1966 Mercury Park Lane 4 DR Breezeway 410 4V, C-6, 2.80 - Streamless.
1966 Lincoln 4 door Convertible 462 4V 1971 Ford LTD Convertible 429 4V Phoenix ~ Yeah it's hot however it's a dry heat!
Action is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-30-2003, 09:12 PM   #18
Rivet Master
 
davidz71's Avatar
 
1986 25' Sovereign
Southern Middle , Tennessee
Join Date: Mar 2002
Posts: 3,257
Images: 23
Andy,
I only followed the installation manual that came in the Energize III brake controller you sold me.

John,
The disc brakes are really good if everything is working properly. I'm happy with mine and hear that they will outstop the electric drum brakes every time.
__________________
Craig

AIR #0078
'01 2500hd ext. cab, 8.1 litre gas, 5 sp. Allison auto
3.73 rear end
Mag-Hytec rear diff cover
Amsoil Dual by-pass oil filtration system
Amsoil synthetics all around
265 watt AM Solar, Inc. system
davidz71 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-30-2003, 11:00 PM   #19
4 Rivet Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2002
Posts: 334
Images: 3
Disc brakes...vacuum connections

Craig, I want to say I think you have done a very nice job. Your explaination is good. Your pictures are good. Your ideas are good. Thanks. On several Airstreams with vacuum disc brakes, I've made a few changes. I went to a auto/truck salvage yard and got a 12 volt vacuum pump. These pumps are used with all diesel engines and vehicles with turbos. The pumps are reasonable and every salvege yard has units. These pumps can be concealed under trailer framework in a convenient place. Power for pump can be provided by charge line from tow vehicle. With this pump, not lines are required from tow vehicle. All vacuum lines maybe constructed with big rig plastic/nylon line. It is very strong, works well with compression fittings, not real expensive, available in many sizes and found everywhere. Frank
__________________
Visit Idaho The people are great
FrankR is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 01-30-2003, 11:08 PM   #20
4 Rivet Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2002
Posts: 334
Images: 3
Forgotten thot

Craig, As mentioned earlier, the words and pics are great. Just a small observation. The circuit breakers used are not real wire/circuit protection. These devices will keep resetting forever. Even after the fire is really burning, the automatic resetting breaker will reset until the battery voltage is gone.
So I guess Andy should not have any fear of no brakes, with this setup. The best circuit breakers for this protection are the MANUAL reset type or one time fuses.
Yep, I know the auto makers use lots of these devices. I repair lots of electrical problems...... Frank
__________________
Visit Idaho The people are great
FrankR is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Vacuum source for hydraulic brakes Coastalview Brakes & Brake Controllers 9 07-12-2014 08:41 AM
vacuum power disc brakes trumpwer Brakes & Brake Controllers 3 05-14-2009 08:38 PM
1977 landyacht acme 1974 - 1979 Sovereign 15 01-25-2007 06:21 PM
1977 Excella 500 31', does it have trailer brakes? Diesel Pusher Brakes & Brake Controllers 9 12-23-2003 08:27 PM
Rotors for vacuum disk brakes wvmiller Brakes & Brake Controllers 4 10-21-2002 05:43 PM


Featured Campgrounds

Reviews provided by

Disclaimer:

This website is not affiliated with or endorsed by the Airstream, Inc. or any of its affiliates. Airstream is a registered trademark of Airstream Inc. All rights reserved. Airstream trademark used under license to Social Knowledge LLC.



All times are GMT -6. The time now is 10:41 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.8 Beta 1
Copyright ©2000 - 2021, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.