Originally Posted by dkottum
" . . . curious how much relative weight everyone is trying to distribute."
I have seen at least three different opinions, all expert, on how much weight to distribute to the truck's steering axle. Restore original weight, restore 50% of original weight, and restore more than original so the trailer tongue weight is distributed evenly on steering and drive axles (sometimes called "equal squat" if using measurements).
I have given up trying to defend any method because you have at least three chances at being wrong from the start. Posting anything concrete is often fodder for the trolls who cruise these forums, posting tongue or truck/trailer scale weights is only as good as the quality of the Airstreamer's technique when doing the weighing. Some good, some not so good results in the widely divergent weights you will see.
So our idea to bring the steering axle back to its original weight because it tows, steers, brakes, and feels comfortable going down the road. Some will argue that will introduce oversteer and not enough rear axle traction, but if we distribute less some will argue we will have understeer and too much weight on the drive axle.
You can't win the arguments but you can set up your combo with a reasonable weight distribution method, weigh it to look for overload conditions, and your towing experience will tell you if you are satisfied with it.
Pretty easy to start at 100%. Work the TV tire pressure.
Then try the 1/3 equal squat approach.
I think the 50% thing is good enough to take a trailer to a repair facility. Limp home mode. Fits with low quality OEM hitch receivers and where to stow spare tire on pickups.
Experiment. Tire pressure changes alter the thing.
Not hard to determine which approach best for transient response and braking, IMO.
Most seem to choose on ride quality.
Probably doesn't matter much for a short distance vacationer, overall.