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Old 05-22-2015, 01:48 PM   #1
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Replace Fuse Block

Well after numerous blown fuses I have finally found out my electrical problem. I have a cracked fuse block right under the connection to the glass fuse on breaker #3. Knowing is 1/2 the battle so now comes the other 1/2 of the battle - to replace the old block with a new one.



So I am reaching out to the forum to solicit help for getting everything wired back up to the new fuse block. I selected the BlueSea 12 circuit blade fuse block for my replacement so that I can quickly replace any blown fuse.

So now for the fun part -

This -



Needs to be switched over to this -



I think the main 4 wires (Circuit 1-4) are fairly straight forward as well as the red and blue battery and trailer but that leaves all of the other wires.

My main questions:

Which is positive and which is negative and what goes where on my new block?

What is the extra white wire on Circuit #1?

What is the metal plate in the middle with the black wire (near the bottom)?

I really appreciate any help from the knowledgeable folks on this forum.

Thanks!
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Old 05-22-2015, 03:04 PM   #2
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What the year and model of your Airstream? That will help us determine some of the answers to your questions.
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Old 05-22-2015, 03:42 PM   #3
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1975 25' Airstream TradeWind International
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Old 05-22-2015, 10:51 PM   #4
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Bit of a bastardized setup, not as bad as mine was, replaced mine with same blue sea fuse block(bsfb) and love it. Looking at what you've got, top left two should be positive inputs, since they need fuses you can just connect them to the positive bottom half of the bsfb through one of the fuse ports, my battery input I put breakers on before the bsfb and then can be connected to bottom post. All the colored on the right top half are house circuit positive supply so get fused on bottom half of bsfb. All the stuff on the bottom half should be negative and return runs and a ground to the shell. A little tracing and it shouldn't be to tough to figure with a multimeter.
Since the ends of the old wires are bare , you'll need to put on some ring connectors. They can be crimped, but for safety recommend soldering too. On all mine I took off the insulating selves on the connectors, slid 2 pieces of heat shrink tubing up the wire, put some flux on the bare wire and them inserted wire into crimp connector, then crimped. Then I used a mini butane torch to heat the end and soldered the connection as well. Then I slid one piece heat shrink down and shrunk it, then slid the second down over the first and shrunk that one. Then screwed to the bsfb. I'll try to get pic tomorrow, in my trailer that looks like a tornado went through.
Those big wires will probably need heavy crimp connectors for the wire gage. The kind that you need a special tool and hammer for, but very similar crimp and solder.
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Old 05-22-2015, 11:03 PM   #5
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What is the extra white wire on Circuit #1? Not sure something added , white is usually always negative in the as wiring, you'll probably have to see if you can trace it .

What is the metal plate in the middle with the black wire (near the bottom)? It's the negative bus block, essentially replaced by the top half of bsfb.

Black wire going through fuse on bottom , not sure without being able to follow wire a little bit , may be from univolt or replacement converter.
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Old 06-01-2015, 06:23 PM   #6
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Oh man Joe THANK YOU!!!!! That helps a ton! I will begin the deconstruction this evening and try to get the original removed and make sure that I have all of the wires labeled. I will try and trace the wires and make sure that I know what they are.

As for the big black wire on the left that goes to the negative bus block does that go to the positive of the new BSFB? And the same big white wire on the right side of the bus block does that go to the negative of the BSFB?

I will try and see what the big black wire on the bottom that goes though a fuse is.

Again thank you so much!
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Old 06-01-2015, 06:32 PM   #7
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Joe,

I took another picture of the original fuse block and the big black wire through the fuse at the bottom is a fuse from the converter that goes into the bus block at the bottom. So I will put an inline fuse holder for the new fuse.



I'm a little nervous about diving in but worst case I have to get someone to come and fix it for me.

Thanks again.
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Old 06-01-2015, 06:53 PM   #8
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Alright the white wire on circuit #1 is running to the fridge for when running on propane and the black wire connected to the white large wire on the right of the bus block is the return ground from the fridge. So will that black ground wire from the fridge go to the same place as the other black wire on the bus block held in with the nut?
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Old 06-02-2015, 04:48 PM   #9
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The plot thickens {Dun-Dun DUUUUUUUUUUUN}. I started the unhooking of all of the stuff this evening and behold there is a new twist. On the back of the old fuse block there are the two leads coming from the AC/DC converter.


Also the old original converter was still in there and it was a battery charger AND converter.

So this changes EVERYTHING!

So the big wire on the back with the red tag is the positive that will go on the (+) of the BSFB and the other black cable is the negative (-) for the BSFB. All of the other wires on the right side go as I thought.

Now for the battery connection stuff -

The big red wire on the left comes in from the battery and is confirmed to be positive (+). And the black big gauge wire on the left is negative (-) and goes back to the battery. Based on this I think that the two systems (one from the battery and one from the power converter) are in parallel and both power circuits 1-4 on the right side for whichever power source is available.

So where do I wire the battery stuff through to mimic the original setup? Do I connect the big red battery wire to the positive (+) on the BSFB along with the Positive from the converter? And does the big black battery wire get put on to the negative (-) terminal on the top with the converter wire?

Will this cause a short? Is this the correct setup?

And what happens to the blue wire from the car battery? Will that also go to the bottom positive (+) terminal?

Thanks again for the help.
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Old 06-02-2015, 07:52 PM   #10
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Somebody up there likes me - Look what I found in my documentation...
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Old 06-02-2015, 07:55 PM   #11
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First off, hope you're dry down there in TX.

I'm going to try to post a picture of what I have some up with on mine, hopefully it works.

The battery terminals can get connected to the center post on the top center and bottom center of the fuse block, before you do that though you need to have some sort of fuse or circuit breaker in the line from the fuse block to battery. Only need one, so for now you could connect to one of the positive fuse slots and fuse it with a 30a fuse. I used 2 50a circuit breakers, one on the positive and one on the negative from the battery, but only one is really necessary, 2 is a little safer in my opinion. You'll see the wires from the battery going to the circuit breakers and from the breakers to the fuse block.

On those refrigerator wires, if you have enough slack, I'd swap them so the black is positive and white is negative, you'll have to swap them on the back of the fridge too, but this way they follow the scheme of all the other wiring.

For the converter, it should have it's own fuse if it's somewhat new, if not you'll want to connect the positive wire to one of the positive fuse slots on bottom, and the negative can go to one of the negative posts on top. Pop in a 30a fuse and it'll tide you over for now. My converter has its own fuses so it's normally wired to the positive and negative posts top and bottom center, it's disconnected right now so it's not in the picture.

The positive charging line from the car goes on to one of the fused slots on the bottom. The top left white wire on my fuse block is the negative from the tow vehicle. In the positive fused section, the top left black wire is the positive from the vehicle, no fuse in there right now.

As long as all the positives go to the bottom positive portion of the block, and all the negatives/grounds go to the top portion of the block, you won't have any shorts or anything, it's just making sure positives are positives and negatives are negatives that can be the trick.

Going to post to see if pic chows up
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Old 06-02-2015, 08:08 PM   #12
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Old 06-02-2015, 08:29 PM   #13
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Got it, sort of, got to be an easier way to post pictures.

Hopefully this helps, the converter wires aren't there right now, I've got it disconnected to work around. They normally go to the top and bottom posts, but could go to other positive and negative posts.

Finding that section in the manual is helpful. The electrical section of the manual has been my biggest go to by far.

In my picture i'll go through all the connections.

Top center, negative to the battery through 50a Circuit breaker.

Negative section on top third of fuse block.
Top left white - Negative connection to tow vehicle(TV) not the television.
Middle left green - Negative from the tongue jack and breakaway switch.
Bottom left white - ground from fridge, I ran a dedicated line for possible 3 way fridge.
Top right white - Negative connection/ground to the trailer skin.
Upper Middle right white - Negative connection/ground to the trailer frame.
Lower middle right white - the original negative line from all the house circuits.
Lower right - negative from the solar charge controller.

Bottom fused positive section
Bottom center - positive from battery.
Left top black - Positive from tow vehicle.
Left middle green - positive to dedicated fridge line.
Left bottom red - positive to tongue jack and breakaway switch.
Right top down: Pink / Blue / Brown / Yellow / Purple are original house circuits.
Bottom yellow is the positive from the solar charge controller.

The little grey hanging out there is from the original univolt, haven't decided what to do with it, it provided the AC available light on the control panel with the tank levels and stuff on it. New converter doesn't support it, may/may not jury rig something.
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Old 06-03-2015, 01:47 PM   #14
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Joe,

Thanks for the updates. You have a very nicely done setup - Kudos to you. I've taken a little time to list out the way I think you are describing the connections. Please see if it is what you are describing.


Original layout -





New layout -



And you are correct that the new converter already has fuses built in so there will not be any new ones there. I will be putting inline fuses for the battery but not for the car since it does not have one now.

Thanks for your feedback :-)
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