Thanks everyone for pointing out the problems with my setup. I've revised my diagram to reflect the corrections:
Zeppelinium, you had asked why such a large protection mechanism on between the inverter and batterie bank. The manufacture of my inverter/charger doesn't have a requirement for the size of fuse to use with the unit, however units with similar specs recommends a 300A fuse, so I'm going with that.
Regarding what's on the electrical system... not much right now, although the "overbuilt" nature of the setup is so that when I want to add capacity or functionality (solar, microwave, etc...) the infrastructure is there I just need to swap out components. Components are easy to access in my setup, while the infrastructure wiring will not be as easy to access.
Thanks again everyone for your help! If you see any red flags with the diagram posted above, let me know; you've all been really helpful (especially you Lewster!).